Why Stick Welding?

Stick Welding is also called Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW). It is the widely-used welding process among the arc processes that uses an electrode and electric current to weld a variety of metals. The electrode consists of a  solid metal rod that is why it is called as or stick. It is coated with compounds and metal powders with a binding agent to help them bind to its surface. The actual term for the stick is an electrode

Whether it is AC or DC current despite the nature of current it helps to make an electric arc between the electrode and the metals to be weld. When the electrode starts melting the flux coating around the electrode creates a cloud of gases that protects the molten metal and prevents it from oxidizing. This is why it is also referred to as shielded metal arc welding. The gas cloud settles on the molten metal as it cools. The cloud turns into slag which is chipped off after welding is completed. 

The electrode conducts electric current to the arc and provides filler metal to the joint. It is particularly used extensively to weld iron and steel in the maintenance, repair and construction industries of heavy steel structures. The Stick Welding process is quite simple and does not require specialized equipment.

Advantages

  • Resistant to paint and corrosion at the welding point
  • The ground clamp can be attached far from welding point
  • Not affected by wind
  • Easy to change rods to weld special metals
  • Welders with direct current option can alter the polarity of the electrode to reduce burn-through on thinner metals

Disadvantages

  • The slag must be chipped from the welds before painting or subsequent welding
  • DC stick welding has less spatter than AC welding
  • Welding is interrupted when every time a welding rod is replaced
  • Welding metal less than 1⁄8″ thick is difficult

Why Stick Welding for Farm and Ranch?

Conventionally, most farms and ranches prefer to use a small AC Stick welder because they are inexpensive. There are many reasons to use STICK welder for farms most importantly because farms are an open land with fierce winds blowing and harsh weather conditions the next time. In such conditions STICK welder suits the best.

Primarily, the electrodes are self-shielding, they are better suited for windy, outdoor conditions than MIG or TIG. Stick is also more flexible than MIG when welding on dirty or rusty metal despite such a benefit it is always advisable to scrape or grind off paint, rust, and other debris and to weld on the cleanest material. Welding on the cleanest metals produces a stronger weld.

If you plan to purchase a Stick welder prefer to buy an AC or DC welder. For most applications, DC reverse polarity welding offers greater advantages over AC like easier starts, fewer arc outages and sticking, less spatter (better-looking welds), and easier out-of-position welding.

Moreover, STICK welders are best suitable for farms and ranches because they are capable to withstand windy weather conditions. They are more merciful when welding on dirty or rusty metal and also work well on thicker materials. All such conditions are a regular part of farms and ranches. 

Factors to Consider For Buying A Stick Welder for Farm Use

There are certain factors to look for when buying a STICK welder for farms most importantly look for the popular uses of the welder, metals the welder can weld, metal thickness, heat control, easy to learn or not, welding speed, welding output, duty cycle, and portability.

One of the methods to classify the size of welding power sources is by viewing how much current they can generate at a given duty cycle. The duty cycle is the total number of minutes out of a 10-minute cycle a welder can operate and in remaining minutes must cool down to prevent overheating.

The next factor to consider is that thin metals require less current and thicker metals require more current. It is important to have sufficient current for ensuring the proper penetration on the root pass. Approximate welding amperage for various thicknesses of mild steel depends on the type of weld (butt, lap, fillet, corner), welding position (flat, vertical down, vertical up, overhead), a diameter of the electrode, type of shielding gas, and other factors. 

Another reason to use  STICK welder on farms is that it is much easier to learn to weld because they have a “hot start” function. During the arc initiation of STICK welder, the rod is resistant to sticking because the voltage drops to zero when the rod touches the workpiece. Hot start liberates the rod and establishes the arc by automatically starting the welding current for a fraction of a second during arc starts. Once the arc is established, the hot start function shuts off. 

Typical Applications of STICK Welder In  Farms

The following are the main and most commonly practiced applications of STICK welders in farms or ranches. 

  1. Patching the sheet metal with other equipment 
  2. Repairing aluminum irrigation pipes 
  3. Mending wagons, seeders, spreaders and other machines that are used in the field 
  4. Repairing the flighting on augers 
  5. For welding the self-locking panels in the feeding alley of a free stall barn
  6.  Constructing fences 
  7. Hardfacing skid loader buckets and tillage equipment 
  8. Reattaching an A-frame hitch on a cattle trailer
  9. Repairing stainless steel sprayer tanks
  10. Fixing aluminum engine manifolds

Best Stick Welder for Farm Use:
Everlast PowerPro 164 Stick Welder

Best Stick Welder for Farm Use Everlast PowerPro 164
Best Stick Welder for Farm Use Everlast PowerPro 164

Everlast is a bit, expensive welder. Being a stick welder it is the most optimal welder for the farm use. It is rated as a high duty machine that can generate power from 110 and 220-volt outlets, and is compatible with generators that produce at least 10, 000 watts of “renewable energy”.

The biggest pitfall of this welder is its ability to switch between its stick. Furthermore, it welds a 3/16” swath on a single pass on AC, 3/8” on DC (both TIG), and a 5/8” pass on the plasma cutter. It comes with a warranty of 30 days, and 5-year parts and labor warranty. Although it is heavy weigh 60 lbs welder despite it is portable.

PROS

  • Can tackle pulse and cuts
  • Portable
  • Does 3/16” cuts with one pass
  • Suitable for use 100 volts to 220 volts work with generators that use renewable energy source
  • 5 years parts and labor warranty

CONS

  • Poor customer service It handles only a few types of welding
  • Short warranty period of 30 days of heavyweight design

Best Stick Welder for Farm Use

Product Name: Everlast PowerPro 164 Stick Welder

Product Description: Everlast is a bit expensive welder. Being a stick welder it is the most optimal welder for the farm use. It is rated as a high duty machine that can generate power from 110 and 220 volt outlets, and is compatible with generators that produce at least 10, 000 watts of “renewable energy”.

More...

  • Durability - 9/10
    9/10
  • Performance - 8.5/10
    8.5/10
  • Power - 9.5/10
    9.5/10
  • Portability - 6/10
    6/10
  • Weight - 7/10
    7/10

Summary

Everlast is a bit, expensive welder. Being a stick welder it is the most optimal welder for the farm use. It is rated as a high duty machine that can generate power from 110 and 220-volt outlets, and is compatible with generators that produce at least 10, 000 watts of “renewable energy”.

8.0/10