The Basics on Welding that Beginners Should understand

Do you want to learn the basics of welding? It’s critical to get all the need-to-know information including what is the best welder home.

We’ll discuss some of the basics about welding for beginners. This will provide you with some key information you will need to create some awesome welds.

Stick Vs. Mig Welding

What are the main differences?

First, there’s MIG welding, which is typically used for finer welding work on light materials and smaller weld joints. This differs from stick welding that’s typically used for pipelines, structural welds, and have reactors inbuilt to the welder that must be sturdy/reliable over the long term.

HERE ARE SOME OF THE MAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE TWO TYPES OF WELDING:

WELD JOINT PENETRATION

When comparing Stick and MIG welding, there’s no question that Stick welding penetrates metal better. This is actually required since keeping the electrode lit requires an ultra-high amperage and heat.

That said, with the MIG using solid uphill welding methods with short stick and enough heat can help MIG welders penetrate metal better.

MARGIN FOR ERROR

MIG offers many options/settings that welders can use for customizing a machine for a certain task. That can actually be a negative since there’s more room for error for a beginer.

MIG welding relies on things like the right amperage, electrode stick out, gas flow, grounding, technique, and several other factors.

Stick welders have one setting – Current. Once you have the right amount of current it just comes down to technique and welding rod size.

WELDING SAFETY

When doing any kind of welding, it’s important to follow the “safety first” rule. MIG and Stick welding both have potential safety issues and it’s important to be aware of them.

Let’s start with Stick welding. It burns quite hot and gives off spatter and sparks. So you must wear the proper gear and mainly when you’re welding out of position. Make sure to cover your forearms and use a heavy-duty stick welding glove with long cuffs. This will help to cover your wrists.

MIG welding is also a hot process. It gets quite hot with high amperage. So it’s critical to wear gloves that can withstand those high temperatures.

That said, safety will be less of an issue when doing MIG welding vs. Stick welding in terms of heat/sparks.

A larger safety issue when doing MIG welding is the shielding gas that must be stored correctly. Make sure to use high-quality valves that are intact and watch the gas lines.

Conduct a soap bubble test regularly. This will help to check for any leaks. You’ll already be dealing with flames/sparks so you won’t want to deal with any extra gas that’s pumped into a room.

OPERATING COSTS

Here’s another key issue related to welding for beginners. This is particularly true when you’re doing home welding since you’ll be on a tighter budget than when working for a company.

The operating costs will be different when comparing basic MIG and Stick welders. Here’s why. MIG welders require shielding gas, which changes based on the types of metals you work on. MIG welding requires various blends of helium, CO2, and argon.

Stick welders, on the other hand, are somewhat basic machines when compared to MIG welding. You just clip the electrode into place. This means there are fewer parts that could jam/break. You do of course have to choose the welding electrode but there are ‘general’ work electrods you can buy.

A stick welder also allows you to begin working faster. That’s because there are fewer settings to deal with. In addition, you can easily clip the electrode into place when you start welding.

There’s more! MIG welders usually need more prep work with the exception of doing work with flux core wire. Meanwhile, Stick welders can burn through a metal work piece’s impurities.

WELD QUALITY

MIG and Stick welders can both deliver welds that are high-quality. MIG welders offer a better weld when working with thin materials. On the other hand, Stick welders offer good penetration when using thick materials.

The bottom line is MIG, and Stick welders both have pros and cons. Make sure to weigh them first so you can choose wisely when doing welding for beginners. It really comes down to what you want to weld. And lets face it, there may come a time you need both, as both Mig and stick welders are perfect for the right job.

In general, stick welders are easier for a beginner welder. This is one of my favorite little stick welders for everyday welding and projects.